Professors indicate fundamental titles for a more productive academic life
By Bruna Zembuscki
In addition to the books required for entrance exams and for the National High School Exam (Enem), some works are essential for acquiring knowledge that will be very useful during academic life. Therefore, teachers from Colégio Positivo selected indispensable books for all areas of knowledge. These are works that everyone should read before entering university.
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1. “The Discourse on Method” by René Descartes (1637)
According to Professor of Philosophy and Sociology Mariana Rogeski Boá Marzola, this is “a work of the modern period, in which the author, Descartes, presents what would be a safe method for the construction of knowledge for scientific methodology through reason. ”.
For her, this is an essential book to understand the way people think and build knowledge. “This is the work that underlies the didactics built up to the present day. Understanding the way the
should follow, the student will be able to start scientific research with greater ease”, he says.
Another benefit is the possibility of questioning common sense knowledge that has been passed on from generation to generation. “We take a lot of knowledge for granted instead of questioning it. This perception can form a critical view of the knowledge we consume.”
two. “How Democracies Die” by Daniel Ziblatt and Steven Levitsky (2018)
For Geography professor Eduardo Berkenbrock Lopes, the book “Como as democracies die” aims to talk about the historical and social process of building democracy, “breaking through and criticizing the utilitarian vision of the world that underpinned the emergence and strengthening of autocratic governments. and who flirt with authoritarianism”.
He also explains that a good example of this is the rise to power of politicians who, even democratically elected, defend speeches and practice undemocratic actions that violate the fundamental rights of human beings.
According to Berkenbrock, the work is important because, through it, students can understand that contemporary society is the result of power relations. In this way, says the professor, students will be able to “value historically acquired rights and understand the importance of guaranteeing the right of speech and representation to minorities, seeking social justice”.
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3. “The Theater of Vices”, Emanuel de Araújo (1993)
“O Teatro dos Vícios” is the choice of history teacher André Marcos. He says that the work “makes a study of political and social practices in the colonial period that continue to the present day”. Thus, they are fundamental pages for understanding some of the characteristics that traditionally shape Brazil today.
Among them are the famous “Brazilian way” and the practices common to the
“Of course, each area of study has its own interests, but, in general, it is very important for academics to have a critical view of Brazilian political processes”, he defends.
4. “The Alienist”, by Machado de Assis (1882)
A classic that remains essential. Writing professor Candice Almeida indicates “O Alienista”, by Brazilian author Machado de Assis, among the works that deserve the attention of all students who are preparing to start university.
“In addition to being a classic by Machado – which, in itself, justifies the importance of reading it – the book brings a very current reflection on madness. A doctor who discovers that, deep down, he is the madman”, he details. The specialist highlights that the title helps young people to develop the perception of the other.
This is also the indication of the teacher of the Literature and Writing Workshop at Colégio Passo Certo, Meridiana Aparecida Penga Gehlen. “Reading Machado means getting to know a little of the rich Brazilian literature. ‘The alienist’ addresses behavior, attitudes, interests, social relationships and human selfishness”, he adds.
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5. “Dom Casmurro”, by Machado de Assis (1899)
Literature and Art professor Rodrigo Wieler selected another classic by Machado de Assis for the list. He says that “Dom Casmurro” is “one of the greatest mysteries of Brazilian literature, considered by many – including me – the greatest book of all our Literature”. But, in addition to the historical grandeur of the work, he emphasizes that “Dom Casmurro” can help expand students’ ability to argue and intellectual capital.
“Reading this title allows you to know the greatest work of the greatest writer in Brazilian Literature, to be aware of the discussions that are held about
form a solid opinion about the controversy, learn about Brazilian society in the 19th century and experience human experiences, such as jealousy”, he adds.
6. “The Seed of Victory”, by Nuno Cobra (2001)
A work intended for guidance on a healthier life, “A Semente da Vitória” is another title written by a Brazilian author. The nomination is from Physical Education teacher Giselle Bailo Uflacker. “The book is the basis for any healthy achievement in life. It is a treaty for those who seek a life with meaning, quality, wisdom, maturity and (re)connection with spirituality”, she says.
7. “Os Sertões”, by Euclides da Cunha (1902)
In a celebrated meeting between
, Journalism and Literature, “Os Sertões” is another icon stamped on many entrance exam lists, but it should be mandatory reading for everyone, not just students. He was chosen by history teacher Jakson Carlos Baniski.
“It is a book by the Brazilian writer and journalist Euclides da Cunha and was first published in 1902. This is considered the first book-report in Brazil and its main theme is the Guerra de Canudos, which took place in the interior of Bahia, in 1897” , remember. For the teacher, the book brings a better understanding of the History, Sociology, Geography, Philosophy and Literature of Brazil. The work is also recommended by the History teacher at Colégio Passo Certo, Rafael Tavares.
8. “Casa Grande e Senzala”, by Gilberto Freyre (1933)
“Casa Grande e Senzala” talks about the formation of Brazilian society and the infamous “miscegenation” of European, African and indigenous peoples in the country. It’s a national classic. “The book addresses, in a way, the importance of respect, contributing to the formation of character and teaching how to deal with differences”, comments History teacher Fernando Cavalcante de Oliveira.
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9. “The Chronicles of Narnia” by CS Lewis (1950-1956)
“This is a work that runs through fantasy. In a magical world, full of talking animals and magic, the work presents important themes for our social and personal construction”, says the professor of Literature at Colégio Vila Olímpia, in Florianópolis.
In addition to the simple language and the plot, he highlights that the chronicles are able to take the reader out of his comfort zone. He also points out that, at the university, students immerse themselves in academic texts and scientific articles, but that
It also plays an important role in personal training.
10. “Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas”, by Machado de Assis (1881)
Another unmissable work by Machado de Assis, “Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas” is the tip of the writing teacher at Colégio Semeador Denize Juliana Reis Cardoso. “This is the starting point of Realism in Brazil and evidences Machado de Assis’ genius in portraying the story of the late author and all his doubts and personal questions”, she details.
The book begins with the narrator talking about his own death and how it affected him in the acts he observes after death. There are important cultural and social issues, philosophical discussions and an apparatus of the historical context of the time in which it was written.
“From reading this book, it is possible to build an intellect more focused on debate, questioning and increasing the reader’s critical sense”, says Denize. The Portuguese language teacher at Colégio Passo Certo, Karen Nakano, also recommends the work. “This book stands the test of time and remains alive because of the social issues addressed in it,” she comments.
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11. “Vidas Secas”, by Graciliano Ramos (1938)
A novel that remains current, almost one hundred years after its first edition. This is the tip of the coordinator of Colégio Passo Certo, Liziane Paiz Petri. She explains that the book reflects on the different living conditions of a people who need to change cities for the sake of survival. “It is a timeless book that reveals part of the reality of the Brazilian people, often distant from the student’s history, but fundamental for the knowledge of the professional future”, she says.
12. “The Book Stealing Girl” by Markus Zusak (2005)
A book on the importance of reading. For the Portuguese teacher at Colégio Passo Certo, Karina Ody, this is an unmissable work for any student. The background of the story is World War II, when a young girl manages to survive on the outskirts of Munich through the books she steals. With the help of her adoptive father, she shares books with her neighbors, including a Jewish man who lives in hiding.
13. “Eviction Room – Diary of a Favelada”, by Carolina Maria de Jesus (1960)
“Everyone should read Carolina at some point in their lives. The author helps us
– racism, social inequality, hunger. Nobody leaves the same after reading ‘Eviction Room’”, says Literature teacher Caroline Knüpfer. The work, which is the real diary of a black woman from the favelas, a single mother and a recyclable material collector, has sold millions of copies.
Carolina was, for a long time, the black author who sold the most books in world history. “We need professionals who have empathy, no matter in which area. Many university students have always lived trapped in their social bubble. Reading Carolina’s book helps to better understand the country and the people who live in it”, defends the teacher.
14. “Learning Intelligence”, by Pierluigi Piazzi (2014)
Science teacher Daiane Cristine Peternela Chimello recommended a book to help students organize their studies. “Suitable for any level of schooling, this book demonstrates how, with a little effort and dedication, the task of learning more easily, although apparently daring, is possible”, she highlights.
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15. “Les Miserables” by Victor Hugo (1862)
Written 160 years ago, “Les Miserables” is a work that goes beyond literature. It has already been adapted for theater, cinema, music and the visual arts. But its historical and social importance remains undeniable. The book is a tip from Portuguese language teacher Kalen Franciele Piano. “’Les Miserables’ brings a social and emotional message and is essential for us to learn how to behave in society. The book is a lesson in how honest, upstanding and empathetic we should be,” she says.
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