Cancer is a disease related to the aging of the population. The longer the life expectancy, the higher the incidence of cases. Neoplasms, however, have treatment and seeking medical help is the first step to resolve them.
The doctor Wesley Pereira Andrade, holder of the Brazilian Society of Oncological Surgery (SBCO) and the Brazilian Society of Mastology (SBM), highlights the importance of people being aware of changes in the appearance and functioning of the body.
“The organism gives signals that must be faced objectively, they are quite specific and, when perceiving them, it is necessary to seek the help of a health professional”, says the specialist.
The patient’s perception of himself and the ability to identify these changes are allies for the speed of the diagnosis. According to the specialist, there are five signs of the body that should not be ignored and justify a more detailed investigation to rule out or confirm cancer.
Know which are the 5 signs listed by the oncologist that should not be neglected:
1- Bleeding in stool
“This can be an important sign of cancer of the intestine or rectum, especially when it is persistent and repetitive. In case of appearance, it is necessary to seek a doctor. The current recommendation is that people over 45 years of age undergo colonoscopy as a screening method”, says the doctor.
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According to the National Cancer Institute, for each year of the triennium 2020/2022, about 625 thousand cases of the disease will be recorded in Brazil.Science Photo Library – STEVE GSCHMEISSNER, Getty Images
Extremely common in the country, skin cancer is characterized by the appearance of tumors on the skin in the form of spots or spots with irregular shapes. Related to prolonged exposure to the sun, exposure to artificial tanning cameras or for hereditary reasons, the disease can be treated through surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.miriam-doerr/istock
Breast cancer is caused by the uncontrolled multiplication of cells in the breast. Although common in women, the disease can also affect men. Among the symptoms of the disease are: pain in the breast region, hardened lump, redness, swelling and bloody secretion. Treatment involves surgery to remove the breast, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy.SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images
More common in men, prostate cancer has the following symptoms: blood in the urine, difficulty urinating, the need to urinate several times a day and the delay in starting and finishing urinating. Surgery and radiation therapy are among the treatments for the disease.Getty Images
Although it may be related to hyperthyroidism, smoking, changes in sex hormones and diabetes, for example, thyroid cancer is still not well understood by experts. Despite this, treatments against the disease involve hormone therapy, radiotherapy, radioactive iodine and chemotherapy, depending on the case. getty images
Lung cancer is one of the types with the highest incidence in Brazil. Related to the use or prolonged exposure to smoking, its main symptoms are shortness of breath, chest pain, recurrent pneumonia, bronchitis, bloody sputum and frequent coughing. The disease is treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or/and surgeryBSIP / getty images
In Brazil, squamous squamous cell carcinoma has the highest incidence among stomach cancers. Treatments involve surgery or radiation and chemotherapyiStock
Stomach cancer is diagnosed after identifying malignant tumors spread throughout the organ that can appear as ulcers. Related to infections caused by Helicobacter Pylori, by the presence of ulcers and untreated chronic gastritis, for example, the disease can cause vomiting with blood or blood in the stool, frequent belly pain and constant heartburnSmith Collection/Gado/Getty Images
Cervical cancer has symptoms of intermittent vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain related to bowel or urinary complaints, and abnormal vaginal discharge. Treatment involves chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.Science Photo Library/GettyImages
Oral cancer is a disease that involves the presence of malignant tumors on the lips, gums, roof of the mouth, tongue, cheeks and bones. It is more common in men over 40 years old and has as symptoms oral cavity sores, tongue stains and neck nodules, for example. Treatment involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.pexels
2 – Coughing up blood
“It can be an indication of cancer in the airways, fundamentally in the lungs, trachea or bronchi, as well as in the larynx region”, points out Wesley Pereira Andrade.
3 – Vaginal bleeding in menopause
“When women have stopped menstruating, what is expected is that there will be no bleeding whatsoever. If the woman starts to present them, it may be an indication of cancer of the uterus, endometrium, more specifically. Bleeding can also be linked to cancer of the cervix or vagina.
4 – Nodules and sores in the breasts
“The presence of nodules that are growing should be a point to draw attention. Especially if there is a sore on the skin of the breast. That is, it already denotes advanced breast cancer”
5 – Spots that grow
Spots and spots on the skin that are showing changes should be monitored clinically. Here’s what needs to be checked:
“We say there is the ABC of skin cancer. The “A” is for asymmetry, that is, that black spot that, if it is divided in half, one part ends up being different from the other. The letter “B” is for irregular edges, spots that have a starry appearance and not rounded. The letter “C” refers to the color of the mole, if it has different shades that can range from black to blue. The letter “D” is associated with the diameter of the mole. Typically, melanomas are more than 6 millimeters in diameter. The “E” stands for evolution, the mole shows growth in this period”.