Abandoned puppies need extra care and late night shift | care

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In the first days, puppies need their own food for this phase, always ask for the help of a professional

Unfortunately, the abandonment of newborn animals is very common and, for those who find it, it is normal to feel with a moral obligation to welcome and care for the puppies – even if it is not like adoption, to provide a temporary home so that the puppies can survive. and have the chance to find a forever home.

However, finding one or more abandoned puppies can be scary, as you need to take care of these little animals in the right way, so that they feed, stay warm, and even to relieve themselves. Everything there needs attention, which is what a mother dog or cat would naturally do.

The first step in finding abandoned puppies is to remove them from the street. The ideal is to get a box where they can be together – in case of a litter – and safe, depending on the size and number of puppies, a shoe box lined with soft fabrics can be used, it is important that they are clean and without the smell of products. , as a fabric softener.

At home, it is necessary to choose a warm and quiet place, without noises that could scare the puppies. The lighting of the place is also important, as the puppies with a few days old still have very sensitive eyes, they should not be exposed to direct light. In addition to the “nest” made for the puppies with soft fabrics (it can be clothes that are already out of use), it is important to cover the floor well in the place where they will be, so that they do not have a sudden drop in temperature if they move.

A good tip to keep them warm is to use a hot water bottle, but without direct contact with the puppies, so there is no risk of burns. Places with strong air currents should also be avoided.

Hygienization of puppies

Care must be taken so that the puppies do not suffer from temperature drops, so it is necessary to cover the floor well and avoid drafts.
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Care must be taken so that the puppies do not suffer from temperature drops, so it is necessary to cover the floor well and avoid drafts.

Something that females do naturally is to lick their pups to remove any residue of dirt, without this trick, what you can do is take a cloth moistened with warm water (preferably filtered) and pass it over the pup’s body, lightly and careful. Bathing newborn animals is not recommended.

There are also baby wipes for animals, easily found in pet stores.

The feeding

When the puppies are smarter, you can start offering soft foods as well.
Zetong Li / Unsplash

When the puppies are smarter, you can start offering soft foods as well.

Food is extremely important for the health of the pet, but it is necessary to offer the right food, not giving cow’s milk to a puppy or cat in its first days of life.

There are products suitable for feeding newborn dogs and cats, which are specifically designed for cases in which females cannot breastfeed for whatever reason. Another alternative is, if possible, to find a female that is breastfeeding and try to approach the orphans.

It is important to remember that, before offering any product, even if it is suitable for puppies, to ask for the guidance of a veterinarian. At this stage, the slightest carelessness can cost the puppy his life.

Right position and frequency for breastfeeding

A light massage to stimulate the puppies' pee and poop is necessary, always using a cotton pad moistened with warm water.
Denise McQuillen/Pixabay

A light massage to stimulate the puppies’ pee and poop is necessary, always using a cotton pad moistened with warm water.

If breastfeeding is done artificially, it is necessary to offer the puppy safely. A bottle suitable for puppies or even with a syringe, they come with the appropriate measures, according to the weight of the animal.

It is important to sterilize the product with boiling water before giving milk to the puppy. Once the bottle is full, it is necessary to know the right position to hold the puppy: always lying with the belly down and the head slightly raised, as they would be if they were nursing with the mother. Holding a newborn puppy as you would a baby can be dangerous.

It is important that you have more than one person available to take care of the little ones, as they need to be fed with a certain frequency: in the first days of life, or in case of a critical situation, they will be every two hours and, over time, day, you can increase the interval, every three hours and then every four hours (getting up a few times during the night will be unavoidable).

From milk to solid foods

In the first days of life, puppies have very sensitive eyes and should not be exposed to direct light.
Wolfgang Hasselmann/Unsplash

In the first days of life, puppies have very sensitive eyes and should not be exposed to direct light.

Weaning begins at the fourth week, but it should be done gradually, alternating between the new food and bottles, until the puppy is seven or eight weeks old. First you can offer a pasty food, made especially for puppies – it is easily found in pet stores -, this baby food has all the necessary nutrients and an ideal texture so that the animal can eat alone, but it should never be left unsupervised.

When you notice that the puppies are already eating well with the food, you can start offering some food to puppies, so that they start to get used to it. The ideal is to alternate with wet food and bottle for a few days, gradually the bottle can be removed permanently. This way it is possible to leave some food available for them to eat whenever they want.

Remembering that at this stage they will already be with their eyes wide open and walking freely around the environment, it is necessary to be very careful with furniture that they can enter under or with stairs, to avoid accidents.

Beware of needs

At about 4 weeks of age, weaning can be started, always gradually.
Halanna Halila / Unsplash

At about 4 weeks of age, weaning can be started, always gradually.

Something important to know when taking care of a newborn pup is that they need stimulation to do their physiological needs, it’s something that females do naturally to their puppies.

Dogs and cats lick the puppies’ parts to encourage the evacuation of urine and feces. With a cotton soaked in dead water, it should be lightly passed in the area of ​​the penis or vulva and anus of the puppies. With the cotton, you should make a movement that goes from the belly to the tail, always very gently, until the animal can do it. Then the cotton can be thrown away, never use it on more than one puppy.

If the puppy has difficulty in evacuating, it is important to take him to a veterinarian, it may be a case of constipation.

Health care

Once the puppies are more independent, follow-up with a veterinarian should begin. This is the time to clear all doubts with the professional, as well as start the vaccine and deworming protocols.

For cats, for example, it’s critical to make sure they don’t have FIV or FeLV. Once the puppies are healthy, they can be available for adoption.

It is worth mentioning the importance of castration for dogs and cats, males and females, to avoid abandonment of puppies, as well as helping to prevent various diseases.

To ensure that pets always have help when needed, iG Pet Health offers tutors emergency consultations and even the option of transport to the vet. Check out these and other advantages of having a health plan designed especially for dogs and cats. Follow the Pet Channel also on Telegram!

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