Breed Guide: meet the Samoyed, the friendly descendant of wolves | Tests

Miroslav Gecovic/Pixabay

The Samoyed needs to practice physical activities frequently to stay healthy.

The origin of the race is uncertain, what is known is that its history is directly linked to an ancient tribe of nomads that lived in Siberia, called the Samoyed (current Nenets).

The tribe, which gave the breed its name, used its dogs for the most varied functions, ranging from heavy tasks such as hunting reindeer and pulling sleds across glaciers, to sheepdogs and even companion animals that kept children warm. tribe during the freezing nights.

The Samoyed is considered one of the purest breeds in the world, being a direct descendant of gray wolves that crossed with Siberian Husky, Alaskan Malamute and Chow Chow dogs.

From Siberia to the world

The breed began to migrate during the 17th century, when explorers who used them as draft dogs took some of the breed to other parts of Europe.

Over time, the charisma of these dogs made them from being just sled pullers on polar expeditions and becoming very popular companion animals among members of the nobility, especially by Queen Alexandria who also helped to set the standard followed by many breeders of the nobility. breed.

In the Americas, the breed only arrived in mid-1906, the same year it received its official recognition by the American Kennel Club. The official breed standard, followed until today, was written in 1909, being made official by the International Cynological Federation (FCI) only in 1959.

The Samoyed arrived in Brazilian lands in 1975, still uncommon, attracting the attention of everyone wherever they go. As they are animals used to survive in cold climates (temperatures that reach -60°C), the breed needs care to live with the tropical climate of the country.

the personality of the race

Being a natural animal from cold regions, it tends to suffer from the heat.
Daniel Bell/Pixabay

Being a natural animal from cold regions, it tends to suffer from the heat.

From the same family as the spitz, one of the physical characteristics of the Samoyeds that stands out the most is the shape of the muzzle, which gives the impression of being a dog that always has a smile on its face. This “physical friendliness” does justice to this pet’s docile and friendly temperament.

A very gentle, docile and playful animal, it is very attached to tutors and can get along well with people of all ages. Even though it is a large dog, it is so gentle that it makes friends easily even with strangers, making it a bad option for those who want a dog that also helps to take care of the house.

Living with other pets is also good, but it is important to socialize the animal from a young age.

It is also very intelligent and dedicated, but independence is in the genetics and can be quite stubborn when it comes to learning new commands, requiring a steady hand and patience on the part of the tutor or trainer.

Hygiene care

A smiling and friendly looking dog
Helena Lopes/Pexesl

A smiling and friendly looking dog

The breed has a long and dense coat, so it tends to shed a lot, requiring brushing two to three times a week. In Brazil, especially during summer and spring, hair loss intensifies and brushing must be done daily.

The coat of the Samoeid helps to prevent the accumulation of dirt, so it is not necessary to bathe as often, without abandoning the maintenance of the coat. It is common to give baths every three months, but it is recommended to ask for the advice of a veterinarian from the childhood of the animal, to determine an adequate frequency for baths, as well as the products to be used.

Health care

Because it is a very quiet dog and easily adapts to different environments, it is common that the breed is recommended for people who live in apartments. However, it is a very active dog and needs plenty of space to run, play and spend energy.

Overall, the breed enjoys good health, but can suffer from some lifelong problems, such as hip dysplasia, glaucoma, progressive retinal atrophy, hypothyroidism, and diabetes.

To prevent these and any other health problems, it is essential to follow up with a veterinarian from a puppy.

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