Cabo Frio and Búzios participate in the ‘Yellow July’ campaign to prevent and control cases of hepatitis

The month of July is a time to make the population aware of the importance of preventing viral hepatitis. A series of actions, with rapid tests, distribution of condoms and guidelines regarding the “Yellow July” campaign is being carried out in cities in the Lakes Region of Rio, to warn about measures to combat the disease.

Cabo Frio

Alluding to the date, celebrated on July 28, a special program takes place this month in the city’s health facilities.

For the Secretary of Health, Erika Borges, the work of disseminating information and expanding access to the service aims to reinforce the importance of early diagnosis and continuity of treatment of the disease:

Although the municipality offers an immunization, diagnosis and treatment program for the disease, the effectiveness of the prevention and care result depends on the population’s adherence. Most of the time, there are no symptoms and hepatitis goes unnoticed. Only tests can confirm the disease. These diseases mainly attack the liver and, with late diagnosis, can cause serious consequences, such as liver cirrhosis, cancer and death.

Cabo Frio has a Department of STI/AIDS and Viral Hepatitis Care at Hospital Dia. The units that offer the TRD (Rapid Diagnostic Testing) are: Hospital Dia, in the São Cristóvão neighborhood; the Otime Cardoso dos Santos Hospital, in Jardim Esperança; and the Santo Antônio PAM, in Tamoios.

At Basic Health Units (UBS) and Family Health Strategies (ESF) it is also possible to request laboratory tests to detect the disease. Positive cases are referred for treatment to a specialist doctor at Hospital Dia and Saúde Coletiva, located in the PAM de São Cristóvão.

The actions in the Cape Friense municipality take place in two places: in Primary Care and in Hospital Dia, in São Cristóvão.

In Primary Care, activities will be carried out by the teams of the Family Health Support Centers (NASF). The professionals will address the issue at ESF Manoel Corrêa, this Tuesday, July 19th. On July 20th, it’s ESF Guarani’s turn and, on July 26th, at ESF Jardim Náutilus.

On July 27, there will be a lecture given by infectious disease specialist Dr. Apparecida Castorino, at Hospital Dia, at 10 am. On site, teams will apply the vaccine against Hepatitis B, perform rapid testing for Hepatitis B and C and there will also be guidance for the population, with leafleting and delivery of information and condoms.

Búzios

The month of July will also be marked by joint tests at the Basic Health Units (BHU) in Armação dos Búzios.

Check locations, days and times for testing

  • UBS Haroldo Francisco Ceravolo (Brava) – 07/18, morning

  • Jose Gonçalves (José Gonçalves) – 07/18, morning

  • Maria Rosa da Conceição Santiago (Baía Formosa) – 07/19, afternoon

  • Olavo da Costa Family Clinic (Vila Verde) – 07/20, morning

  • Antonio Elesbão dos Santos (Rasa) – 07/21, morning

  • Dr. Paulo Acherman (Horseshoe) – 07/22, morning

  • Deodorina Leite de Azevedo (Geribá) – 07/27, morning

  • Benildo Mota (São José) – 07/27, afternoon

Cases of the disease in the Lagos Region

Currently, 178 people are receiving treatment for hepatitis in Cabo Frio. On average, treatment for type C lasts from 12 to 24 weeks with the use of specific medications. Once a year, patients who have been treated return to the unit for examinations. For hepatitis B, treatment is ongoing, depending on the stage of the disease.

According to data from the Health Surveillance Superintendence of the Health Department, in the first six months of this year, 18 new cases were recorded against 24 in the same period last year.

In Araruama, 170 patients are being treated for hepatitis B and C. Also according to the Health Department, 56 people are being treated at the city’s collective health unit, next to the PAM.

In Arraial do Cabo, there are currently three cases of viral hepatitis reported.

The City of Buzios has not yet reported the number of cases of people with the disease in the city.

The municipalities Araruama and Arraial do Cabo have not yet released the actions of the ‘Yellow July’ programming.

National Campaign

The Yellow July National Campaign was instituted in the country by law nº 13.802/2019 and seeks to strengthen surveillance, prevention and control of viral hepatitis.

Hepatitis may not have symptoms, but when they do, they manifest as tiredness, fever, malaise, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, yellow skin and eyes, dark urine and pale stools. In the specific case of viral hepatitis, these are inflammations caused by viruses classified by the letters A, B, C, D and E.

  • Hepatitis A: has the highest number of cases and is related to basic sanitation and hygiene conditions. It is a mild infection and it heals on its own. There is a vaccine for this type.

  • Hepatitis B: is the second most common type and reaches a higher proportion of transmission through sexual contact and blood contact. The best form of prevention for hepatitis B is the vaccine, associated with the use of condoms.

  • Hepatitis C: Contact with blood is the main form of transmission. It is considered the biggest epidemic of humanity, five times greater than AIDS. Hepatitis C is the leading cause of liver transplants and the disease can cause cirrhosis, liver cancer and death. There is no vaccine.

  • Hepatitis D: Occurs only in patients infected with the hepatitis B virus. Vaccination against hepatitis B also protects against infection with hepatitis D.

  • Hepatitis E:** is transmitted by fecal-oral transmission, causing major epidemics. Hepatitis E does not become chronic, however, pregnant women who become infected may have more severe forms of the disease.

See other news from the Serrana and Lagos do Rio regions on Multiplix Portal.

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