Diabetes is a disease that causes blood sugar levels to rise. Silent and dangerous, it can cause serious consequences for patients such as heart attack and stroke, in addition to other problems related to poor circulation. The condition is mainly caused by an unbalanced diet, rich in sugar and sodium, and other components associated with a sedentary lifestyle.
Researchers at the Open University of Catalonia, in Barcelona, pointed out that an increasingly popular food among Brazilians can help control insulin and prevent the progression of the disease: quinoa.
The research carried out at the Spanish institution observed nine people over 65 years old with pre-diabetes, a picture that warns of a possible progression of the disease. In the process, patients included quinoa for eight weeks in their diets. In the three meals they had a day, the plant replaced components such as potatoes, rice or vegetables, and was also inserted into the diet through a flour that was used in pasta, cakes and breads.
The study, published in the scientific journal Nutrients, points out that participants had lower glucose spikes after dieting, compared to regular eating. The results obtained in four weeks of normal diets and four weeks with a diet based on quinoa were analyzed.
Anyone with diabetes knows that there are many foods that should be avoided, especially those rich in bad fats, salt and, of course, sugar. On the other hand, there is also a list of foods that should be included in the menu to help keep blood sugar levels in check.The Picture Pantry/Getty Images
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Oatmeal is one of the natural foods that have beta-glucan in its composition, a kind of heart-healthy fiber that slows down digestion and, consequently, prevents blood sugar from going out of control.Dougal Waters/Getty Images
Beans are high-fiber and protein-rich foods with a low glycemic index, which help prevent fluctuations in blood sugar levels and also slow the rise in glucose levels. Aleksandr Zubkov/Getty Images
According to experts from the Annals of Family Medicine, cinnamon is quite beneficial to help control blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. This is because it is able to decrease the levels of glycated hemoglobin and improve the availability of insulin. Westend61/ Getty Images
Consumption of small portions (at least five times a day) of flaxseeds is recommended for people with diabetes. In addition to being a source of magnesium, which helps to control the release of insulin in the body and control blood glucose, it is also rich in fiber and good fats.Arletta Cwalina / EyeEm / Getty Images
Excellent source of unsaturated fats, which lowers bad cholesterol and increases good ones, low in carbohydrates and rich in magnesium, protein, iron, zinc, fiber and vitamins B and E, almonds help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and also help control the diseaseElizaveta Antropova/ Getty Images
Indicated for those with diabetes, heart disease and cancer, green tea helps regulate glucose in the body and is rich in polyphenols and antioxidants.ATU Images/ Getty Images
Apple cider vinegar is another natural food that helps in controlling diabetes. That’s because it helps to slow down the absorption of sugar and significantly improves insulin sensitivity or resistance to it. Daily consumption of the equivalent of two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar added to meals is recommended.jayk7/ Getty Images
Researchers believe that the grain can delay the development of diabetes. Researcher Diana Diaz Rizzolo, from the Open University of Catalonia, explained the importance of the results.
“We compared blood sugar patterns and found that when participants ate quinoa, their blood sugar spike was lower than with their usual diet. This is crucial, because these post-meal spikes are a determining factor in the progression of type 2 diabetes,″ he stated.
The suspicion is that the polyphenols present in the grain are the main causes of these milder increases. The micronutrient also decreases the absorption of glucose in the intestine and stimulates the pancreas to produce insulin, thus reversing the main picture of type 2 diabetes.
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