The entry and importation of domestic and exotic animals of any origin have been prohibited in Fernando de Noronha since Wednesday (20), when district decree number 007/2022, published on July 6 in the Official Gazette of the State. The ban includes dogs, cats, chickens, birds, cattle, goats, as well as exotic animals such as rabbits, parakeets, parrots, hamsters, macaws, among others.
The rule indicates as exceptions: guide dogs, police dogs and animals guarded by permanent residents and transferred public servants, limited to an animal with at least six months to live. Tourists cannot transport pets to the island, only guide dogs are allowed.
According to the Administration of Noronha, this new rule amended decree 19/2004, in response to requests from control bodies and the Pet Noronha Project.
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The decree reaffirmed the ban on the presence and movement of domestic animals of any size on all beaches. Furthermore, it guides The transit of these animals in public areas must be carried out with containment methods, such as a collar, guide and transit box.
The norm determines that animals must have individual identification, such as a microchip, earrings, fixed rings, in addition to always being accompanied by a person responsible for guardianship.
It was also determined that the seized animals will be available to their legal guardian for a period of seven days upon receipt of a warning. In the second seizure of any animal from the same owner, delivery is subject to the payment of a fine in the amount corresponding to 20% of a minimum wage.
In the third apprehension, the payment of the fine becomes the amount corresponding to 30% of a minimum wage. After the fourth seizure, the animal must be sent for responsible adoption, and a complaint of abandonment must be filed with the Public Ministry of the State of Pernambuco.
The local government also announced the reformulation of the Animal Surveillance Nucleus (NVA), which is expected to carry out everything from mass castrations to a census of the island’s animals, including microchipping.
The purpose of castration is to reduce the number of loose and abandoned animals on the island and, with that, reduce the spread of zoonotic diseases, which are those transmitted from animals to humans.
In the census, all pets on the island that have tutors will be microchipped. The timetable for these actions was not disclosed.
The Administration of Noronha informed that this procedure will allow a data collection of the animals and those responsible, allowing the NVA to carry out the location and contact, if necessary. After the census, the government intends to impose fines on owners who leave animals abandoned.
According to the manager of the Animal Surveillance Center of Fernando de Noronha, Camila Cansian, the number of animals cannot exceed the number of inhabitants of the island. Also according to her, there will be an emphasis on encouraging adoption to avoid overcrowding, which can cause environmental and health problems.
According to researchers, cats kill native species — Photo: Ana Clara Marinho/TV Globo
Researchers have warned of the threat that invasive alien species, such as cats and mice, pose to Fernando de Noronha. According to scholars, these animals are predators of seabird eggs, baby birds and other endemic species (which only exist on the island), such as the mabuyas.