In 2022, 1,178 occurrences have already been recorded. In the event of an accident, the first step is to look for the nearest emergency
Spiders, scorpions, bees, caterpillars, snakes… What do these animals have in common? All produce venom, and inject this substance into another animal, including humans, through fangs or stingers. And the most worrying thing: they can live in your house. This year alone, there have been 1,178 occurrences with venomous animals throughout the Federal District, most of them scorpions – 886 cases.
The Health Department has the Toxicological Information and Assistance Center (Ciatox), which provides assistance in cases of bites by venomous animals, with guidelines for first care and indicating where antidotes are available for the venom of scorpions, spiders and snakes. . Anyone can contact the numbers 0800 644 6774 or 0800 722 6001.
In 2021, of the total of 2,640 accidents involving venomous animals, 2,065 were scorpion stings. In 2022, most cases were recorded in the North and Southwest Health regions, with 175 and 164 occurrences, respectively, followed by the West Health Region, which accumulates 120 cases of animal bites.
If scorpion stings are the most frequent, snake stings attract more attention as they are the most dangerous. This year, 60 accidents of this type have already been recorded in the DF. In 2021, there were 162 occurrences. When it comes to snake attacks, the North region leads the number of cases: there were 32 in 2021 and, so far, 20 in 2022.
Biologist at the Environmental Surveillance Directorate (Dival), Israel Moreira has been observing, since 2012, an increase in occurrences over the years. “That’s why it’s important that the population knows how to protect themselves”, emphasizes the server.
Where do you hide?
Generally, venomous animals inhabit environments with accumulation of garbage and rubble. “For this reason, it is not advisable to store construction material for a long time, for example, and the backyard must always be kept clean and with trimmed vegetation”, explains Israel Moreira.
Places with many cracks, gaps and cracks, sewer boxes, electricity or grease that are uncovered or damaged also create perfect conditions for sheltering them, especially scorpions, centipedes and spiders. Likewise, openings in the roof favor the access of spiders, scorpions and the installation of swarms (see box).
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And those who think that they only need to worry about those who live at home are wrong. “There is a real parallel world in the buildings. Power and telephone lines and elevator pits, for example, harbor scorpions,” explains Israel. Thus, it is essential to keep sockets, switches and lamp covers well sealed, in addition to closed or screened drains.
What to do after an accident with a venomous animal?
The first step is to look for the nearest emergency room for a medical evaluation. “Avoid the use of medicines and other substances at the bite site, as well as tourniquets, suctions or incisions at the snake bite site”, guides Israel. “Even, taking a picture of the animal to show the health professional helps in choosing the conduct for the treatment”, he adds.
After the victim’s medical follow-up, it is necessary to request a visit from the Environmental Surveillance, by calling 2017-1344 or 160, to inspect the property and identify conditions that allow the presence of these animals.
Scorpions, spiders and centipedes can be eliminated as long as care is taken to protect feet and hands. Snakes should not be captured. In cases involving snakes, the Environmental Police Battalion must be called to collect the animal. In the case of bees, it is the Fire Department that acts.
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With information from the Brasilia Agency