Veterinary guidelines and UFU booklet warn about pet kidney care | I love my pet

March has come to an end, but it is still time to remember that this month was World Kidney Day. The date chosen by the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) was the 12th to raise awareness and prevent kidney diseases. The subject is so important that it is even part of the veterinary environment, which carries out the campaign Yellow March of petshow purpose of alerting tutors about the functioning of the organ in animals.

To understand what are the warning signs, risks and treatments of the diseaseO g1 talked to the vets Daniela Tiver, Gustavo Tiver and Lara Edna Santana, who work in Uberaba.

See also the booklet on the subject, launched by Nephrology and Urology Service of the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of uberlândia (HV-UFU) and the company Elanco.

In this report, the following questions are answered:

  1. What is kidney disease?
  2. How is the treatment?
  3. What are the signs?
  4. How is prevention?
  5. Are there risk factors?
  6. Primer

1. What is kidney disease?

Kidney disease is defined as the condition in which the kidneys lose the ability to perform basic functions—filter and excrete toxic products from the blood.

It can be caused by inflammation, infectious diseases and even genetic predisposition. “The disease can be acute or chronic, congenital or genetic,” explained the veterinarians.

Treatment is individual and depends on each case. In situations where the problem is caused by another disease, it must be treated.

In other cases, treatment may be palliative, with the aim of providing quality of life and slowing the progression of the disease.

“Others can be treated with diet adjustments, water intake; blood pressure monitoring, fluid therapy and, in the most severe cases, hemodialysis can also be done,” the experts explained.

The main signs pointed out by the interviewed veterinarians were:

  • increased water intake;
  • urine volume;
  • weight loss;
  • dehydration;
  • pain and bleeding when urinating;
  • urine color;
  • loss of appetite;
  • vomiting.

4. How is prevention?

The first step to ensure the animal’s prevention is to encourage good water intake. One way to do this, pointed out by veterinarians, is to put several drinking fountains in the house, use filtered water and offer fruits rich in water, such as melon and watermelon.

“It is also important to offer quality food and to carry out a periodic check up with a veterinarian through blood, urine and ultrasound tests, at least once a year”, they indicated.

Among the possibilities of tests are clinical examination, blood count, routine urine, renal biochemical profile and ultrasound.

Dog on a leash drinks water from a drinking fountain — Photo: Águas de Jahu/Disclosure

5. Are there risk factors?

The main risk factors are early diseases such as tick disease, leishmaniasis, periodontal disease, diabetes and pressure problem.

“Any injury that causes overload or difficulty in circulating blood to the kidneys has the potential to cause chronic injury,” the veterinarians pointed out.

Other factors are: diet, hydration, age and stress. There are also breeds with a predisposition to diseases.

Dogs of the shih tzu breed, for example, more commonly have congenital alterations. The schnauzer is more likely to have problems with urinary stones.

“And across species, cats tend to have more urinary problems compared to dogs,” they explained.

Produced by HV-UFU, in partnership with the company Elanco, the booklet explains what kidney disease is, talks about the signs of the disease and ways to prevent it. See below.

Yellow March booklet for animals — Photo: HV-UFU and Elanco/Disclosure

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